Providers that care for five through twelve children in their home (not including their own children or children that reside in the home) are mandated by the Code of Virginia to be licensed. Providers that care for more than four children under the age of 2 (including their own children and children that reside in the home) are also required to be licensed or Voluntary Registered. Licensed family day homes are allowed to care for a maximum of 12 children at any given time (not including their own children or children that reside in the home).
If a family day home provider exceeds 16 points based on the ages of children in care, they will need an additional caregiver.
- Birth-15 months: 4 points
- 16-23 months: 3 points
- 2-4 years: 2 points
- 5-9 years: 1 point
- Over 10 years: 0 points
Licensed family day homes receive two state inspections annually and must renew their license after a period of 1-3 years.
Steps for Getting Started:
- View Phase 1: Pre-Application Training for Family Day Homes (recommended, not required)
- Review Regulations for General Procedures, Standards for Licensed Family Day Homes, and Background Checks for Child Day Programs
- Contact the Office of Child Care Health and Safety in your region to sign up for Pre-Licensure Orientation for Licensed Family Day Homes – Phase 2.
- Contact your local zoning office to determine the number of children you may request to care for in your home.
- Submit a complete initial application for licensure through the Child Care Application Processing System (CCAPS) online portal. Click here to begin the application process. Application must be completed at least 60 days prior to your opening date.
- After your application has been received, a licensing inspector will contact you to schedule an inspection.
Visit the VDOE website for more information about this process here.
Register for our Emergency Preparedness training for more information on Virginia specific requirements and how to create an Emergency Preparedness plan that is appropriate for your individual program.